Compost

Compost is a versatile product that helps to conserve our natural resources and diverts material otherwise destined for the landfill.  The nutrients in the compost increases the soil quality and helps retain water with in the soil.

Compost can also reduce our dependence on fertilizers and pesticides be nurturing plants and making them happy and healthy.  Compost is a natural addition to your lawn or garden and can assist in breaking down pollutants and absorbing storm water run off.

Using compost is an environmentally friendly means to enhance your vegetation and has the added benefit of helping to protect our lakes, rivers and marine waters from pollution and excessive runoff.

Compost: A Natural Cycle

Compost is organic material that is broken down by micro and macro organisms into a dark crumbly soil like material which improves soil structure by replenishing soil nutrients, reducing erosion and water run-off, and loosening clay soils for better root development.  Compost retains moisture in sandy soils so plants need less watering.

 

Comparing Landscape Products

Compost - a stable, decomposed organic matter for improving soil quality.

Mulch - a material applied to the soil surface.  Woody mulches are high in carbon and low in nitrogen.  They are great for woody plants.  Annual plants should be mulched with nutrient balanced mulches like compost, grass clippings, or leaves.

Peat Moss - a partially decade sphagnum moss from peat bogs.  It provides soil prosperity but lacks the nutrients and biological diversity that compost provides.

Topsoil - a straight screened loam.  Premium tops soils are often mixed with compost to increase the quality of the soil.

How much compost to use

  • Estimate the planting area in square feet.  (Length x Width)
  • Decide upon the appropriate application depth of the compost.
  • Use the charts below to estimate your compost needs.
  • Conversions: 9 square feet = 1 square yard; 27 cubic feet = 1 cubic yard.
I have a plot about this big, how much compost do I buy?
Plot Size# of Sq Feet1/2" Deep- Mulching or Top- dressing2" Deep- Amending new lawns or gardens
5' x 10' plot50 sq ft2.08 cu ft of compost8.33 cu ft of compost (0.31 cu yrd)
10' x 10' plot100 sq ft4.17 cu ft of compost16.66 cu ft of compost (0.62 cu yrd)
20' x 50' plot1000 sq ft41.7 cu ft of compost166.7 cu ft of compost (6.2 cu yrds)
1 acre43,600 sq ft1,815 cu ft of compost7,257 cu ft of compost (268 cu yrds)

 

If I buy this much compost, how many square feet will it cover?
Compost Quantity1/2" Deep- Mulching or Top- Dressing2" Deep- Amending new lawns or gardens
1 cu ft bag of compost24 sq foot area6 sq foot area
1.5 cu ft bag of compost36 sq foot area9 sq foot area
2.2 cu ft bag of compost53 sq foot area13 sq foot area
2.5 cu ft bag of compost60 sq foot area15 sq foot area
1 cubic yard of compost648 sq foot area162 sq foot area